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Wise Coastal Practices for Sustainable Human Development Forum

Community-based fisheries management / from Samoa to Haiti

Posted By: Jean Wiener
Date: Sunday, 30 January 2000, at 2:37 a.m.

In Response To: Community-based management of subsistence fisheries / Samoa (Jennifer Kallie and Autalavou Taua)

I have read your contribution to the Wise Practices Forum with great interest, much of what you are currently undertaking in Samoa is needed in Haiti. The main difference is in the continuing presence of the traditional fisheries management in your case. I wonder if you could provide some further information on the following points:

1. Who came up with the idea of establishing the marine protected areas (MPAs) within the traditional fishing grounds (was this a joint initiative with "x" percentage being an "outside" recommendation versus "y" percentage being community groups deciding on the need on their own?)

2. Who enforces the "village management actions" such as the banning of the use of explosives, and banning the smashing of corals to catch fish, etc. If it is the coastal community groups, what legal recourse do they have?

3. Are the forms of assistance provided by the Fisheries Division based on any type of reciprocal agreements with the community groups ("you scratch my back, I'll scratch yours")?

4. Are the current fisheries "laws" which are being enforced those from the central government, or local village laws/regulations?

5. What are your views and experiences concerning the withdrawal of assistance from those groups which are either uninterested or who do not appear to be (subjectively) "making enough progress"? Particularly in view of the fact that most programs have limited funding.

I hope these questions are not too burdensome, and the shortest answers would suffice in helping me understand a bit more concerning your programs. Thanks for all of your time.

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